A Coydog is a canid hybrid resulting from the mating of a male coyote and a female dog. Coy wolves are usually called coyotes Hybrid dog, which is common in northeastern North America, whereas true coydogs are only occasionally found in the wild.
Coyotes were deliberately bred in Pre Columbian Mexico, whereas coyotes were held in high regard. In the city, if Teotihuacan, it was common practice to crossbreed coyotes and Mexican wolves with dogs in order to breed resistant, loyal but temperamental good guardians.
Northern indigenous people in Canada were mating coyotes and wolves to their sledge dogs in order to produce more resilient animals as late as the early 20th century.
Some 15% of 10,000 coyotes taken annually in Illinois for their fur during the early 1980s may have been coydogs based on cranial measurement. As the coyote population in Illinois at the time was estimated at 20,000-30,000, this would suggest a population of 3,000-4,500 coydogs in the state.
F1 hybrids tend to be more mischievous and less manageable as pups than dogs, and are less trustworthy on maturity than wolf dogs. Hybrids vary in appearance but generally retain the coyote’s adult sable coat colour.
The people of Teotihuacan followed the common practice of breeding coyotes with dogs in order to achieve a strong, more resilient and loyal but temperamental protector. For time immemorial, people have bred different species together to create a kind that reflected the qualities of both parent breeds but being superior to both.
Within the dog family itself, we know of hundreds of breeds that have been crossbred in order to form a unique breed that mirrors it, parents.
What happens when you take two entirely different species and mate them together? The result is an unprecedented, almost mythical creature that gives rise to many legends, surprises many a soul, raises many a soul, and raises many an eyebrow.
Characteristics of the Coyote – Dog mix appearance
Based on the dog breed that it is mixed with, the coydog will vary in appearance. In general, its biggest mark of identification is the bushy, downward bent tail, sable coat colour, dark neonatal coat colour, and the white face mask as that of the coyote parent. It can weigh anywhere between 60-120 Ib. It also has long triangular ears and piercing eyes like the coyote parent.
Personality Traits and Temperament
Coydogs are highly intelligent, agile, strong, shy, loyal, aggressive and energetic – traits that are inherited from their coyote parent. Other behavioural characteristics vary depending on the dog breed with which it is mated. They are also very hunters. They make a sound much like the coyote’s howl mixed with a high-pitched bark. When threatened they have a gaping mouth.
Are Coydogs dangerous?
The coydog is a hybrid between a coyote and a dog. It has many features common to the coyote, both by temperament and appearance, with their need for a lot of affection and care.
It is very much like a child and very tough to handle. Coydogs are very rare mainly because of the limited breeding season of the coyotes. Coyotes mate between January and March, which is before the domestic dogs even go into heat.
They vary in appearance, depending upon the breed of dog responsible for their breeding. One can identify Coydogs by their typical dark neonatal hair colour, white face mask, ebony coat colour in adulthood, and a bushy, downward tail. Like the coyotes, their ears are triangular, and they have piercing eyes.
Are Coydogs dangerous? Owing to their aggressive wild nature, coydogs can be dangerous to pets and other animals. Especially so if they have intruders in their territory. However, these furballs are not really dangerous to humans.
A coydog would not be something that could be sold legally, at least not without a special license, which would be hard to get expensive. It is legal to sell puppies from any domestic dog regardless of the sire.
Saarloos Wolf-dog is probably the dog breed that is most similar to coyotes. These canines have slim bodies, elongated faces and legs, and even the colour of their fur matches with a coyote. In the wild, Coyote lives between 10-14 years.
A Labrador Retriever can kill a Coyote if they are forced to, such as in the case of a coyote attacking a family member. A Coyote’s favourite food items are small mammals, such as rabbits, mice, voles and shrews. Coyotes will also eat birds, frogs, skunks, berries, insects, occasionally beaver, and carrion, especially road-killed deer.
Barking is often associated with dogs, but some other species besides canids use this short but loud form of communication too, monkeys, rodents, deer, seals, and some bird species like macaws and ostriches. However, coyotes are the only species whose bark sounds almost identical to dogs.
Coydogs are a big breed and require a proper healthy diet with lots of meat to satisfy them. They require more care than most dogs. They need to get daily exercise by running around in a large fenced yard, long hikes or walks 2-3 times a day.
Coydog requires a lot of training from an early age to get them accustomed to people and other dogs. Socialization is also necessary at an early age because these dogs tend to be shy and other times slightly aggressive towards other animals.