The Prime Minister of Hungary, Viktor Mihály Orbán, was born on May 31, 1963. He first held the office of prime minister from 1998 to 2002. Viktor is the current prime minister holding office since 2010. He took a brief break from 2000 to 2003. During his first tenure as the Prime Minister, his government faced domination by the economy and Hungary’s accession to NATO.
Later he became the opposition from 2000 to 2010. He was again elected as a prime minister in 2010 in a coalition with Christian democrats.
During his second tenure, he faced issues like major constitutional and legislative reforms, the European migrant crisis, and the covid-19 pandemic.
He is Hungary’s longest-serving Prime Minister. His government is characterized as kleptocracy with his attack on the European Union. The political scientists and watchdogs are incredibly critical of Hungary’s democracy. The press freedom index is dropping drastically in his tenure, with the democracy index also going down.
Hungary is now regarded as “partly free” from being “free” by the freedom house. This resulted in Fidesz the suspension of the European people’s party in 2019.
Early life and education of Viktor Orban
Viktor Orban is the son of agronomist and entrepreneur Gyozo Orban. He was the eldest son in his family. His mother, Erzsebet Sipos, was a special educator and speech therapist.
After living in a rural life during his childhood, his family moved to Szekesfehervar in 1977.
He graduated in 1981 from Blanka Teleki High School. Orban also studied law after completing two years in Military Service. He received his Juris Doctor degree in 1987.
After his Juris degree, he got a job in Budapest as a sociologist at the management training institute of the Ministry of Agriculture and food.
Orban studied political science at Pembroke College Oxford with a scholarship from Soros Foundation in 1989.
He has also served as a secretary of the communist youth organization, KISZ, at the very early ages of 14 and 15. He claimed in an interview that he is a naive and devoted supporter of the communist regime.
The career of Viktor Orban
Victor Orban was the spokesperson and the founding member of Fidesz in 1988. This party, whose name meant “Alliance of young democrats,” had the most members from Bibo Istvan College. The students were against the communist regime.
In the 1990 parliamentary election, Orban was elected as the Member of Parliament after returning home from Oxford. Orban served as the leader of Fidesz’s parliamentary group till 1993. After this, he was made the first President of Fidesz.
Orban won the 1998 parliamentary elections after forming a successful coalition with the Hungarian democratic forum, also known as MDF.
Also, the independent smallholders’ party was a part of the coalition. He was 35 when he became one of the youngest Prime ministers of Hungary.
From 1998 to 1999 there was a drop in inflation from 15 % to 10.0%. It continued to drop in 2000 at 9.8 % and 7.8% in 2001.
As a leader of the opposition or has been awarded Freedom award of the American Enterprise Institute and the new Atlantic initiative, the Polak award, the grand cross of the national order of merit, the “Förderpreis Soziale Marktwirtschaft,” the Mérite Européen prize, and the Papal Grand Cross of the Order of St. Gregory the Great.
He was elected for a second term as a Prime Minister in 2010.
Endorsement by Donald Trump
Trump, who said Mr. Orban is “probably, like me, a little bit controversial, but that’s OK,” after meeting him in 2019, has now endorsed Orban giving his “complete support.”
In a statement, Trump said, “Viktor Orbán of Hungary truly loves his Country and wants safety for his people.”
“He has done a powerful and wonderful job in protecting Hungary, stopping illegal immigration, creating jobs, trade, and should be allowed to continue to do so in the upcoming Election. Viktor is a strong leader and respected by all. He has my complete support and Endorsement for reelection as Prime Minister!”