The fast of Rishi Panchami is observed on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of Bhadrapada. Firstly, it was propounded for men of all varnas, but now it is mostly done by women. Hemadri has given a detailed description by quoting the universal Purana.
After bathing in the river and performing rituals, one should go to the Agnihotra, bathe the idols of the seven sages in Panchamrit, apply sandalwood paste, camphor, flowers, fragrant substances, incense, lamps, white clothes, Yajnopavitas should be worshiped with an excessive amount of Naivedya and offer Ardhya with mantras.
When is Rishi Panchami celebrated?
According to the Hindu calendar, Bhadra’s column i.e., Rishi Panchami is celebrated on the fifth day of Bhadra month. This fast falls two days after the Hatalika Teej and the next day of Ganesh Chaturthi. According to the Gregorian calendar, Rishi Panchami falls in the month of August or September.
Importance of Rishi Panchami
Rishi Panchami has special importance in those who believe in Hinduism. This fast is observed to be released from mistakes. It is believed that if a woman breaks the rules during the Mahavariya, she can be free from guilt after correcting her mistake by worshiping the Sage Sapta on the day of Rishi Panchami.
Rishi Panchami date and auspicious time
- The Panchami Tithi starts at 7:57 PM on August 22 and ends at 5:04 PM on August 23.
- According to drikpanchang, the Puja muhurta is between 11:05 AM to 1:42 PM.
- This year Rishi Panchami Vrat will be celebrated on August 23
Worship Method of Rishi Panchami
- Women keep this fast.
- Get up and take a bath before sunrise and wear clean clothes.
- Build a square in the temple of the house with cow dung.
- After this, make sage sapta with Aipan or Rangoli.
- Now install the Kalash.
- Offer fruits and flowers by showing incense and lamps to the Sage.
- Now offer Sapta to the Sage.
- After listening to the fast story, perform Aarti, and distribute Prasad to all.
Rules of Rishi Panchami Vrat
- Women who observe Rishi Panchami fast do not eat sown grains of plow on this day.
- Rice paddy rice is eaten on this fast.
- This fast is used after the end of the Mahavariya, that is, menopause.
The tale of Rishi Panchami
At one time, a Brahmin named Uttak resided in Vidarbha land with his religious wife. He had a son and a daughter in his family. The son’s name was ‘Suvibhushan,’ who was very intelligent. The king married his daughter to a great Brahmin. By the grace of God, such a law was made that the daughter became a widow. With her religion, she started staying at her father’s house.
Seeing his daughter sad, Uttak left his son at home and started living in an ashram on the banks of the Ganges with his wife and daughter. The girl started serving her parents. One day, after working exhausted, the girl lay down to rest on a stone rock. In the middle of the night, insects acquired in her body. Seeing insects on her girl’s body, the brahmin wept mournfully and fainted.
Upon regaining consciousness, the lady picked up the girl and took her to the Sage and said, why did it become such a condition? Upon hearing the talk of a Brahmin, the devotees closed their eyes and meditated and said that your daughter was a Brahmin in her former birth. Once upon menstruation, he touched all the utensils, etc. of the house. Just because of this sin, insects have slumped on its body.
According to the scriptures, the woman on the first day Chandalani is like a holy laundress on the second day and Brahm Khusharani on the third day, and on the fourth day, she is purified after taking a bath. Even after being purified, she did not take an interest in observing the fast of Rishi Panchami with her friends. By the mere sight of the fast, it received the Brahmin clan.
But due to its scorn, insects got into its body. The Brahmini said, please tell me such a wonderful fast. Sri Krishna told this story to Yudhishthira. A woman who does housework even after menstruation, definitely goes to hell. Indra had incurred the great sin of killing Brahma due to killing Vrajasura in his previous birth.
At that time, Brahma Ji had blessed him and divided that sin into four places. First, in the flame of fire, second in the rainy waters of rivers, third in the mountains, fourth by dividing into the king’s womb, every woman should observe Rishi Panchami for purification of that sin.